It is imperative to have some good walking shoes (ideally training shoes) because Amsterdam is a city which lends itself to walking.
This is the ideal way of visiting the city and will allow you to discover every detail. Because Amsterdam centre is quite small, almost all of the
interesting sites are accessible on foot. Take some warm clothes if you are going during the winter, because the wind and the humidity from the canals will chill you to
the bone. Don't forget an umbrella and a waterproof vest. You will also need a street map which will be invaluable to you sooner or later. And the last thing,
don't forget your camera !
Amsterdam is not a dangerous city and you can walk around quite happily without any risk. However, as in any big city, there are pickpockets in the crowds : stay vigilant and avoid having a lot of cash about your person and keep your wallet in your front pocket. Even in the Red Light District there is nothing to be scared of despite what is said : this quarter is under surveillance by the police and security agents. This is all a question of common sense, behave as you would in any other european capital.
There is so much to see in Amsterdam ! Discover the "must see" places such as Dam square (tourist and commercial heart of the city), the controversial Red Light District, the Begijnhof and the flowers market. A walk along the Herengracht canal (the lords' canal) and the Keizersgracht (emperors' canal) will allow you to discover some remarkable architecture ! At the extreme south of these canals, the Magere Bridge (Magere Brug) is also worth a look. This is the most famous bridge of all the numerous bridges in Amsterdam, you have certainly seen it because it has been the backdrop for numerous films such as "Diamonds Are Forever" (James Bond)...The photographers amongst you will have a great time particularly when the bridge is lit up with 1200 lamps !